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Tipitaka >> Sutta Pitaka >> Khuddaka Nikaya >> Theragatha


Theragatha : Verses of the Elder Monks(Introduction)[]

The Theragatha (Thera+Gatha) consists poems(gathas) written by Theras i.e. Elder Monks(also known as Bhikkus) who were the foremost and fully enlightened (Arahats) & mostly of the time of Buddha. These infinitely self illuminated Elder Monks had also reached the other shore of Nirvana/Nibbana (transcendental dimension) where there is eternal bliss and eternal life. These accounts serve as inspiration to follow in their footsteps.


Note: More Matter on disciples is provided in Apadana, total 559 nos.


Theragatha-Detailed : Detailed Lives & Teachings of Elder Monks[]

Chapter 1 : Single Verses 1-120[]

Thera 1.1: Subhuti (1)
Thera 1.2: Koṭṭhita the Great (2)
Thera 1.3: Kankhā-Revata(the Doubter)(3)
Thera 1.4: Puṇṇa(Son of the Mantānis)(4)
Thera 1.5: Dabba(5) (Of the Mallas)(5)
Thera 1.6: Sīta-Vaniya(6)
Thera 1.7: Bhalliya(7)
Thera 1.8: Vira(8)
Thera 1.9: Pilinda-Vaccha(9)
Thera 1.10: Punnamasa(10)
Thera 1.11: Gavaccha the Younger(11)
Thera 1.12: Gavaccha the Elder(12)
Thera 1.13: Vanavaccha(13)
Thera 1.14: Sivaka (A Novice attending Monk Vanavaccha)(14)
Thera 1.15: Kunda-Dhana(15)
Thera 1.16: Belatthasisa(16)
Thera 1.17: Dasaka(17)
Thera 1.18: Singala-Pitar(18)
Thera 1.19: Kula(19)
Thera 1.20: Ajita(20)
Thera 1.21: Nigrodha(21)
Thera 1.22: Cittaka(22)
Thera 1.23: Gosala(23)
Thera 1.24: Sugandha(24)
Thera 1.25: Nandiya(25)
Thera 1.26: Abhaya(26)
Thera 1.27: Lomasakangiya(27)
Thera 1.28: Jambugamika's Son(28)
Thera 1.29: Harita(29)
Thera 1.30: Uttiya(30)
Thera 1.31: Gahvaratiriya(31)
Thera 1.32: Suppiya(32)
Thera 1.33: Sopaka (A Boy-Bhikkhu)(33)
Thera 1.34: Posiya(34)
Thera 1.35: Samannakani(35)
Thera 1.36: Kuma's Son(36)
Thera 1.37: Friend of Kuma's Son(37)
Thera 1.38: Gavampati(38)
Thera 1.39: Tissa(39)
Thera 1.40: Vaddhamana(40)
Thera 1.41: Sirivaddha(41)
Thera 1.42: Khadira-Vaniya (Revata)(42)
Thera 1.43: Sumangala(43)
Thera 1.44: Sanu(44)
Thera 1.45: Ramaniyaviharin(45)
Thera 1.46: Samiddhi(46)
Thera 1.47: Ujjaya(47)
Thera 1.48: Sanjaya(48)
Thera 1.49: Ramaneyyaka(49)
Thera 1.50: Vimala(50)
Thera 1.51: Godhika,Subahu,Valliya,Uttiya(51)
Thera 1.55: Anjana-vaniya(55)
Thera 1.56: Kutiviharin(56)
Thera 1.57: Kutiviharin2(57)
Thera 1.58: Ramaniyakutika(58)
Thera 1.59: Kosalaviharin(59)
Thera 1.60: Sivali(60)
Thera 1.61: Vappa(61)
Thera 1.62: Vajji-putta(62)
Thera 1.63: Pakkha (The Cripple)(63)
Thera 1.64: Vimala-Kondanna(64)
Thera 1.65: Ukkhepakata-Vaccha(65)
Thera 1.66: Meghiya(66)
Thera 1.67: Ekadhamma Savaniya(67)
Thera 1.68: Ekudaniya(68)
Thera 1.69: Channa(69)
Thera 1.70: Punna(70)
Thera 1.71: Vacchapala(71)
Thera 1.72: Atuma(72)
Thera 1.73: Manava(73)
Thera 1.74: Suyamana(74)
Thera 1.75: Susarada(75)
Thera 1.76: Piyanjaha(76)
Thera 1.77: Hattharoha-Putta (Elephant-rider's Son)(77)
Thera 1.78: Mendasira(78)
Thera 1.79: Rakkhita(79)
Thera 1.80: Ugga(80)
Thera 1.81: Samitigutta(81)
Thera 1.82: Kassapa(82)
Thera 1.83: Siha(83)
Thera 1.84: Nita(84)
Thera 1.85: Sunaga(85)
Thera 1.86: Nagita(86)
Thera 1.87: Pavittha(87)
Thera 1.88: Ajjuna(88)
Thera 1.89: Devasabha(89)
Thera 1.90: Samidatta(90)
Thera 1.91: Paripunnaka(91)
Thera 1.92: Vijaya(92)
Thera 1.93: Eraka(93)
Thera 1.94: Mettaji(94)
Thera 1.95: Cakkhupala(95)
Thera 1.96: Khandasumana(96)
Thera 1.97: Tissa(97)
Thera 1.98: Abhaya2 (98)
Thera 1.99: Uttiya(99)
Thera 1.100: Devasabha2(100)
Thera 1.101: Belatthakani(101)
Thera 1.102: Setuccha(102)
Thera 1.103: Bandhura(103)
Thera 1.104: Khitaka(104)
Thera 1.105: Malitavambha(105)
Thera 1.106: Suhemanta(106)
Thera 1.107: Dhammasava(107)
Thera 1.108: Dhammasava's Father(108)
Thera 1.109: Sangha-Rakkhita(109)
Thera 1.110: Usabha(110)
Thera 1.111: Jenta(111)
Thera 1.112: Vacchagotta(112)
Thera 1.113: Vanavaccha2(113)
Thera 1.114: Adhimutta(114)
Thera 1.115: Mahanama(115)
Thera 1.116: Papapariya(116)
Thera 1.117: Yasa(117)
Thera 1.118: Kimbila(118)
Thera 1.119: Vajji-putta2 (The Vajjian)(119)
Thera 1.120: Isidatta(120)

Chapter 2 : Two Verses 121-169[]

Thera 2.1: Uttara(121)
Thera 2.2: Pindola-Bharadvaja(122)
Thera 2.3: Valliya(123)
Thera 2.4: Gangatiriya(124)
Thera 2.5: Ajina(125)
Thera 2.6: Melajina(126)
Thera 2.7: Radha(127)
Thera 2.8: Suradha(128)
Thera 2.9: Gotama(129)
Thera 2.10: Vasabha(130)
Thera 2.11: Cunda the Elder(131)
Thera 2.12: Jotidasa(132)
Thera 2.13: Herannakani(133)
Thera 2.14: Somamitta(134)
Thera 2.15: Sabbamitta(135)
Thera 2.16: Mahakala(136)
Thera 2.17: Tissa(137)
Thera 2.18: Kimbila(138)
Thera 2.19: Nanda(139)
Thera 2.20: Sirimat(140)
Thera 2.21: Uttara(141)
Thera 2.22: Bhaddaji(142)
Thera 2.23: Sobhita(143)
Thera 2.24: Valliya(144)
Thera 2.25: Vitasoka(145)
Thera 2.26: Punnamasa(146)
Thera 2.27: Nandaka(147)
Thera 2.28: Bharata(148)
Thera 2.29: Bharadvaja (149)
Thera 2.30: Kanhadinna(150)
Thera 2.31: Migasira(151)
Thera 2.32: Sivaka(152)
Thera 2.33: Upavana(153)
Thera 2.34: Isidinna(154)
Thera 2.35: Sambula-Kaccana(155)
Thera 2.36: Khitaka(156)
Thera 2.37: Sona-Potiriyaputta(157)
Thera 2.38: Nisabha(158)
Thera 2.39: Usabha(159)
Thera 2.40: Kappata-kura(160)
Thera 2.41: Kumara-Kassapa(161)
Thera 2.42: Dhammapala(162)
Thera 2.43: Brahmali(163)
Thera 2.44: Mogharajan(164)
Thera 2.45: Visakha the Pancali's Son(165)
Thera 2.46: Culaka(166)
Thera 2.47: Anupama(167)
Thera 2.48: Vajjita(168)
Thera 2.49: Sandhita(169)

Chapter 3 : Three Verses 170-185[]

Thera 3.1: Anganika-Bharadvaja(170)
Thera 3.2: Paccaya(171)
Thera 3.3: Bakula(172)
Thera 3.4: Dhaniya(173)
Thera 3.5: Matanga's Son(174)
Thera 3.6: Khujja-Sobhita(175)
Thera 3.7: Varana(176)
Thera 3.8: Passika(177)
Thera 3.9: Yasoja(178)
Thera 3.10: Satimattiya(179)
Thera 3.11: Upali(180)
Thera 3.12: Uttarapala(181)
Thera 3.13: Abhibhuta(182)
Thera 3.14: Gotama(183)
Thera 3.15: Harita(184)
Thera 3.16: Vimala2(185)

Chapter 4 : Four Verses 186-197[]

Thera 4.1: Nagaasamala(186)
Thera 4.2: Bhagu(187)
Thera 4.3: Sabhiya(188)
Thera 4.4: Nandaka(189)
Thera 4.5: Jambuka(190)
Thera 4.6: Senaka(191)
Thera 4.7: Sambhuta(192)
Thera 4.8: Rahula(193)
Thera 4.8: Candana(194)
Thera 4.9: Dhammika(195)
Thera 4.10: Sabbaka(196)
Thera 4.11: Mudita(197)

Chapter 5 : Five Verses 198-209[]

Thera 5.1: Rajadatta(198)
Thera 5.2: Subhuta(199)
Thera 5.3: Girimananda(200)
Thera 5.4: Sumana1(201)
Thera 5.5: Vadda(202)
Thera 5.6: Kassapa of the River(203)
Thera 5.7: Kassapa of Gaya(204)
Thera 5.8: Vakkali(205)
Thera 5.9: Vijitasena(206)
Thera 5.10: Yasadatta(207)
Thera 5.11: Sona-Kutikanna(208)
Thera 5.12: Kosiya(209)

Chapter 6 : Six Verses 210-223[]

Thera 6.1: Kassapa of Uruvela (210)
Thera 6.2: Tekicchakari(211)
Thera 6.3: Maha-naga(212)
Thera 6.4: Kulla(213)
Thera 6.5: Malunkya's Son(214)
Thera 6.6: Sappadasa(215)
Thera 6.7: Katiyana(216)
Thera 6.8: Migajala(217)
Thera 6.8: Jenta The Priest's Son(218)
Thera 6.9: Sumana2(219)
Thera 6.10: Nhataka-Muni(220)
Thera 6.11: Brahmadatta(221)
Thera 6.12: Sirimanda(222)
Thera 6.13: Sabbakama(223)

Chapter 7 : Seven Verses 224-228[]

Thera 7.1: Sundara-Samudda(224)
Thera 7.2: Lakuntaka-Bhaddiya(225)
Thera 7.3: Bhadda(226)
Thera 7.4: Sopaka2(227)
Thera 7.5: Sarabhanga(228)

Chapter 8 : Eight Verses[]

Thera 8.1: Kacca[ya]na the Elder(229)
Thera 8.2: Sirimitta(230)
Thera 8.3: Panthaka Elder(231)

Chapter 9 : Nine Verses 232[]

Thera 9.1: Bhuta(232)

Chapter 10 : Ten Verses 233-239[]

Thera 10.1: Kaludayin(233)
Thera 10.2: Ekavihariya (Tissa-Kumara)(234)
Thera 10.3: Kappa1(235)
Thera 10.4: Cula-Panthaka(236)
Thera 10.5: Kappa2(237)
Thera 10.6: Upasena, Vanganta's son(238)
Thera 10.7: Kappa3(239)

Chapter 11 : Eleven Verses 240[]

Thera 11.1: Sankicca(240)

Chapter 12 : Twelve Verses 241-242[]

Thera 12.1: Silavat(241)
Thera 12.2: Sunita(242)

Chapter 13 : Thirteen Verses 243[]

Thera 13.1: Sona-Kolivisa(243)

Chapter 14 : Fourteen Verses 244-245[]

Thera 14.1: Revata(244)
Thera 14.2: Godatta(245)

Chapter 15 : Sixteen Verses 246-247[]

Thera 15.1: Anna-Kondanna(246)
Thera 15.2: Udayin(247)

Chapter 16 : Twenty Verses 248-257[]

Thera 16.1: Adhimutta(248)
Thera 16.2: Parapariya(249)
Thera 16.3: Telakani(250)
Thera 16.4: Ratthapala(251)
Thera 16.5: Malunkya's Son(252)
Thera 16.6: Sela(253)
Thera 16.7: Bhaddiya, son of Kali of the Godhas(254)
Thera 16.8: Angulimala(255)
Thera 16.9: Anuruddha(256)
Thera 16.10: Parapariya(257)

Chapter 17 : Thirty Verses 258-260[]

Thera 17.1: Phussa(258)
Thera 17.2: Sariputta(259)
Thera 17.3: Ananda(260)

Chapter 18 : Fourty Verses 261[]

Thera 18.1: Kassapa the Elder(261)

Chapter 19 : Fifty Verses 262[]

Thera 19.1: Talaputa(262)

Chapter 20 : Sixty Verses 263[]

Thera 20.1: Maha Moggallana(263)

Chapter 21 : Seventy-One Verses 264[]

Thera 21.1: Vangisa(264)

Theragatha-Sayings : Verses Only (Incomplete Earlier Version)[]


Download/View English Translation[]

1. Following .pdf file contains hyperlinked Theragatha adapted from archaic version of PTS translation merged with commentary (Atthakatha) etc., open it then save the file.
File:Theragatha.pdf


2. The following .pdf file contains the hyperlinked commentary on Theragatha(about 80% complete), open it then save the .pdf file:

File:TheragathaCommentary v2.pdf


Original Pali Version[]

(From www.tipitaka.org)

The following freely available .PDF files were taken from www.tipitaka.org. These are from Vipassana Research Institute. These contain the original words in Pali language.
The translation of original Pali words can never convey exact meaning, hence these are being provided for research & comparison. The www.tipitaka.org website also contains files in many other languages.
It is also to be mentioned that in original Pali language Buddha is referred as Bhagava(God), Bhagvanta(God), Sattha/Satthu(Teacher).

Pali-English Version[]


Mula(Short) Version:

File:Theragathapali mula.pdf

File:Therapadanapali 1 mula.pdf

File:Therapadanapali 2 mula.pdf

Atthakatha (Detailed):

File:Theragatha-atthakatha 1.pdf

File:Theragatha-atthakatha 2.pdf

Pali-Devnagri Version(Sanskrit/Hindi Script)[]


Mula(Short) Version:

File:8.Theragathapali-dev.pdf

File:13.Therapadanapali 1-dev.pdf

File:13Therapadanapali 2-dev.pdf

Atthakatha (Detailed):

File:Theragatha-atthakatha 1-dev.pdf

File:Theragatha-atthakatha 2-dev.pdf

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