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Tipitaka >> Abhidhamma Pitaka >> Puggalapannatti

Pali Versions: Pali-English and Pali-Devanagri versions are provided within each chapter below.


(Designation of individuals)
The Fourth Book of Abhidhamma Pitaka
of Tipitaka - The Collection of Buddha's Teachings

Originally Spoken by Gautam Buddha in Pali Language Around 550 BC
Adapted From Translation into English by Bimala Charan Law,


The title consists of two words: 'Puggala' and 'Pannatti'. The word ‘Puggala’ means an individual or a person. Buddhism distinguishes altogether twelve classes of intelligent beings or puggala— viz., four of the average ordinary class (puthujjana)and eight of the elect class (ariya).

Pannatti means 'notion', 'designation' etc. According to the Puggala-Pannatti Commentary, pannatti means ‘ explanation,’ ‘ preaching,’ ‘ pointing out,’ ‘ establishing,’ ‘ showing,’ and ‘ exposition.’ There are, it says, six pannattis. These amount to so many (a) designations, (b) indications, (c) expositions, (d) affirmations, (e) depositions. All these are the meanings of pannatti.

At the outset, the author classifies the ‘ pannatti,’ or notion, into group (khandha), locus (ayatana), element (dhatu), truth (sacca), faculty (indriya), and person (puggala). Of these six, the last one is the subject-matter of this work.

In the treatment of the subject, the author first gives a Table of Contents of the whole work, and then follows the method of the Anguttara Nikaya. That is, he first gives the grouping under one term, then under two, and so on, up to the grouping under ten terms.

In essence, Puggala-Pannati mentions the states of individuals living mundane life as well as the states of those who attain higher upto the final Nirvana, following the path of abstinence , morality & meditation as taught by Buddha.

Scanned Book[]

Link to Scanned book


List Of All The Human Types In The Book
Chapter 1 - Division Of Human Types By One
Chapter 2 - Division Of Human Types By Two
Chapter 3 - Division Of Human Types By Three
Chapter 4 - Division Of Human Types By Four
Chapter 5 - Division Of Human Types By Five
Chapter 6 - Division Of Human Types By Six
Chapter 7 - Division Of Human Types By Seven
Chapter 8 - Division Of Human Types By Eight
Chapter 9 - Division Of Human Types By Nine
Chapter 10 - Division Of Human Types By Ten

Download/View English Translation[]

Puggalapannati simpler version, click to open then save the file:File:Puggala-pannati-edit.pdf
Puggalapannati PTS translation :File:Puggala-pannatti Scan.pdf

Original Pali Version[]


Click the link below to access the original Puggalapannatti files in Pali language, the language spoken by Buddha.

Puggalapannatti, Pali