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Tipitaka >> Sutta Pitaka >> Khuddaka Nikaya >> Nettipakarana


(The Guide)

Nettipakarana is a guide to help those who already understand the teaching present it to others. The Netti methods were taught by the Buddha's disciple Kaccana (also Katyayana or Kaccayana).
The Nettipakarana is divided into:
1.Sangahavāra: collection of the contents
2.Vibhāgavāra: the section which gives a systematic treatment in classified tables. This section contains three sub-sections:
2.1 Uddesavāra
2.2 Niddesavāra
2.3 Patiniddesavāra
The Uddesavāra gives three separate categories (Pali terms with Nanamoli's translations): The sixteen hāras (conveyings, or modes of conveying) are : Desanā (teaching), vicaya (investigation), yutti (construing), Padatthāna (footings), Lakkhana (characteristics), Catuvyūha (fourfold array), Āvatta (conversion), Vibhatti (analysis), Parivattana (reversal), Vevacana (synonyms), Paññatti (descriptions), otarana (ways of entry), sodhana (clearing up), adhitthāna (terms of expression), parikkhāra (requisites), and samāropana (co-ordination).

The five naya (guidelines) are : Nandiyāvatta (conversion of relishing); tipukkhala (trefoil); sīhavikkīlita (play of lions) ; disālocana (plotting of directions); ankusa (the hook).

The eighteen mūlapadas consist of nine kusala and nine akusala.
Nine akusala are:

Tanhā (craving), avijja (Ignorance),
Lobha (greed), Dosa (Hate), Moha (Delusion),
Subha saññā (perception of beauty), Nicca saññā (perception of permanence), Sukha saññā (perception of pleasure). Attasaññā (perception of self);

Nine kusala are:
samatha (quiet), vipassanā (insight),
alobha (non-greed), adosa (non-hate), amoha (non-delusion),
asubhasaññā (perception of ugliness), Dukkhasaññā (perception of pain), Aniccasaññā
(perception of impermanence), and Anattasaññā (perception of not-self) etc.

Nettipakarana Text(PTS)[]


A. Comprehensive Section (Para 1)[]

B. Specification Section (Para 2)[]

Part I.1. Indicative Subsection (Para 2)[]

Part II.2. Demonstrative Subsection (Para 5)[]

Part III.3. Counter-demonstrative Subsection (Para 31)[]

           Chapter i. 16 Modes of Conveying in Separate Treatment (Para 31)[]

Part IV    Chapter ii. 16 Modes of Conveying in Combined Treatment (Para 489)[]

Part V     Chapter iii. The Moulding of the Guide-Lines (Para 644)[]

Part VI    Chapter iv.The Pattern of the Dispensation (Para 759)[]

Download/View English Translation[]

Nettipakarana PTS translation is available in a .pdf file here, click to open then save the file :

File:The Guide,Nettippakarana,Nanamoli,1977 a.pdf

Original Pali Version[]


The following freely available .PDF files were taken from These are from Vipassana Research Institute. These contain the original words in Pali language.
The translation of original Pali words can never convey exact meaning, hence these are being provided for research & comparison. The website also contains files in many other languages.
It is also to be mentioned that in original Pali language Buddha is referred as Bhagava(God), Bhagvanta(God), Sattha/Satthu(Teacher).

Pali-English Version[]

Mula(Main) Version: File:Nettippakaranapali Mula.pdf

Atthakatha (Explanations): File:Nettippakarana-atthakatha.pdf

Tika (Notes):


File:Nettivibhavini tika.pdf

Pali-Devnagri Version(Sanskrit/Hindi Script)[]

Mula(Main) Version: File:16.Nettippakaranapali-dev.pdf

Atthakatha (Explanations): File:Nettippakarana-atthakatha-dev.pdf

Tika (Notes):