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The Milinda Panha (Pali trans. "Questions of Milinda") is a Buddhist text which dates from approximately 100 BCE. It is included in the Burmese edition of the Pāli Canon of Theravada Buddhism as a book of the Khuddaka Nikaya; however, it does not appear in the Thai or Sri Lankan versions. A shorter version of it, however, is featured in Chinese Mahayana translations. It purports to record a dialogue in which the Indo-Greek king Menander I (Pali Milinda) of Bactria, who reigned in the 2nd century BCE, poses questions on Buddhism to the sage Nāgasena.

The Questions of King Milinda[]

Book I: The Secular Narrative - Bâhira-kathâ
Book II: The Distinguishing Characteristics of Ethical Qualities

Lakkhana Panha Chapter 1
Lakkhana Panha Chapter 2
Lakkhana Panha Chapter 3

Book III: The Removal of Difficulties

Vimatikkhedana Panha Chapter 4
Vimatikkhedana Panha Chapter 5
Vimatikkhedana Panha Chapter 6
Vimatikkhedana Panha Chapter 7

Book VI: The Solving of Dilemmas

Mendaka Panha Chapter 1
Mendaka Panha Chapter 2
Mendaka Panha Chapter 3
Mendaka Panha Chapter 4

Book IV. The Solving of Dilemmas

Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8

Book V: The Problem of Inference
Book VI: The Dhutangas
Book VII: The Similes

Opammakatha Panha Chapter 1
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 2
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 3
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 4
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 5
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 6
Opammakatha Panha Chapter 7

Download/View English Translation[]

Translation by Bhikku Pesala, open it then save the .pdf file :


Original Pali Version[]


The following freely available .PDF files were taken from These are from Vipassana Research Institute. These contain the original words in Pali language.
The translation of original Pali words can never convey exact meaning, hence these are being provided for research & comparison. The website also contains files in many other languages.
It is also to be mentioned that in original Pali language Buddha is referred as Bhagava(God), Bhagvanta(God), Sattha/Satthu(Teacher).

Pali-English Version[]

Mula(main) Version: File:Milindapanhapali mula.pdf

Pali-Devnagri Version(Sanskrit/Hindi Script)[]

Mula(Main) Version: File:18.Milindapanhapali-dev.pdf