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Tipitaka >> Abhidhamma Pitaka >> Dhatukatha


Pali Versions: Pali-English and Pali-Devanagri versions are provided within each chapter below.


Dhatukatha[]

(Discussion with Reference to the Elements)


Dhatukatha is the third book of Abhidhamma. This book combines ideas from the two preceding Abhidhamma books, the Dhammasangani and Vibhanga. It is in the form of questions and answers, grouped into 14 chapters by form. Thus the first chapter asks of each item covered, "In how many aggregates, bases and elements is it included?" Later chapters progress to more complex questions like "From how many aggregates etc. are the Dhammas dissociated from the Dhammas associated with it dissociated?"

The Buddha is said to have expounded the Abhidhamma in Tavatimsa Heaven, the abode of the devas(angels). Dhatukatha was the subject of discourse following Vibhanga. Therefore, its contents form the third book of the Abhidhamma Pitaka. Dhatu (element) is defined as that which bears its own nature. Thus all the states of enquiry of the text beginning with the aggregates and ending with the couplet on lamentation come under the elements. This also implies that elements are not living beings and are not concerned with them. Dhatu-katha (Discourse on Elements) deals with the classification, unclassification, association and dissociation of the above states of enquiry with reference to the three categories of 5 aggregates, 12 bases and 18 elements. Although these elements are expounded in the Dhammasangani and Vibhanga, they are not treated exclusively and in detail there as they are in this text.


Dhatukatha : Scanned Book[]

Link to Scanned Book


Dhatukatha : Chapters (Translation By U Narada)[]

THE TREATMENT OF THE TEXT

Chapter 1 : Classification and Unclassification

1. Aggregates

2. Bases

3. Elements

4. Truths

5. Faculties

6. Dependent Origination and so on

7. Triplets 22

8. Couplets 100

The Classification Chart of Aggregates, Bases and Elements.

Method of Chapter I

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter I

Internal Tables (Abbhantara matika)

External Tables (Bahira matika)

Chapter 2: Classified and Unclassified

8 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter II

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter II

Chapter 3 : Unclassified and Classified

12 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter III

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter III

Chapter 4 : Classified and classified

2 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter IV

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter IV

Chapter 5 : Unclassified and Unclassified

35 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter V

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter V

Chapter 6 : Association and dissociation

78 Questions and Answers

1. Aggregates

2. Bases

3. Elements

4. Truths and so on

5. Triplets

6. Couplets

Chart ; Method of Chapter VI

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter VI

 

Chapter 7 : Associated and Dissociated

11 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter VII

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter VII

 

Chapter 8 : Dissociated and Associated

2 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapters VIII and XIV

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapters VIII and XIV

 

Chapter 9 : Associated and Associated

34 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapters IX and XII

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter IX

 

Chapter 10 : Dissociated and Dissociated

56 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter X

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter X

 

Chapter 11 : Associated with, and Dissociated from, the Classified

8 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter XI

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter XI

 

Chapter 12 : Classified and Unclassified Concerning the Associated

31 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter XII

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter XII

 

Chapter 13 : Associated with, and Dissociated from, the Unclassified

8 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method of Chapter XIII

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter XII

 

Chapter 14 : Classified and Unclassified Concerning the Dissociated

63 Questions and Answers

Chart: Method o f Chapter XIV

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter XIV 


Download/View English Translation[]

Dhatukatha simple translation in English in .pdf , click to open then save the file:

File:Dhatukatha wiki1 with table.pdf

Dhatukatha PTS translation in .pdf is available here, click to open then save the file:

File:Dhatukatha2.pdf


Original Pali Version[]

(From www.tipitaka.org)

Click the link below to access the original Dhatukatha files in Pali language, the language spoken by Buddha.

Dhatukatha, Pali

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