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Tipitaka >> Abhidhamma Pitaka >> Dhatukatha >> Chapter 3
Pali Versions : Pali-English Version and Pali-Devanagri Version

Translated by : U Narada


Chapter 3 : Unclassified and Classified[]

 

12 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

179. Feeling aggregate is not classified with these states ;

Perception aggregate ; Mental formation aggregate ; Origin truth ; Path

truth is not classified with these states under the same aggregate,

but classified under the same base and under the same element.

Under how many aggregates, under how many bases and under

how many elements are those states classified ? They, excluding

Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified under

3 aggregates, under 1 base and under 1 element (5).

180. . . . Cessation truth is not classified with these states under

the same aggregate, but classified under the same base and under

the same element. . . . They are classified under 4 aggregates,

under 1 base and under 1 element (1).

181. . . . Life faculty is not classified with these states under the

same aggregate, but classified under the same base and under the

same element. . . . They, excluding Nibbana from the classification

o f aggregates, are classified under 2 aggregates, under 1 base and

under 1 element (1).

182. Female faculty is not classified with these states; Male

faculty ; Bodily pleasure faculty ; Bodily pain faculty ; Mental

joy faculty ; Grief faculty ; Indifference faculty ; Faith faculty ;

Energy faculty ; Mindfulness faculty ; Concentration faculty ;

Wisdom faculty ; I-shall-know-what-I-did-not-know faculty ; Higher

realization faculty; He-who-has-known faculty; Ignorance ;

Conditioned by ignorance, Formations; Conditioned by 6 bases.

Contact; Conditioned by contact, Feeling ; Conditioned by feeling.

Craving ; conditioned by craving, Clinging ; Kamma becoming is

not classified with these states under the same aggregate, but

classified under the same base and under the same element.. . . They,

excluding Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified

under 3 aggregates, under 1 base and under 1 element (22).

183. Birth ; Ageing ; Death ; Jhana is not classified with these

states under the same aggregate, but classified under the same base

and under the same element. . . . They, excluding Nibbana from the

classification of aggregates, are classified under 2 aggregates, under

1 base and under 1 element (4).

184. Sorrow ; Suffering ; Grief; Despair ; Application of mindfulness ;

Great effort; lllimitables ; 5 Faculties ; 5 Strengths ;

7 Factors of Enlightenment; Noble Eightfold Path ; Contact;

Feeling; Perception; Volition; Decision ; Attention ; States

which are roots; States which are roots and also have associated

roots ; States which are roots and also associated with roots are not

classified with these states under the same aggregate, but classified

under the same base and under the same element They, excluding

Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified under

3 aggregates, under 1 base and under 1 element (20).

185. States not arising from 4 causes ; States not conditioned by

4 causes are not classified with these states under the same aggre gate,

but classified under the same base and under the same element.

. . . They are classified under 4 aggregates, under 1 base and under

1 element (2).

186. States which are cankers ; States which are both cankers

and objects of cankers ; States which are both cankers and associated

with cankers are not classified with these states under the same

aggregate, but classified under the same base and under the same

element. . . . They, excluding Nibbana from the classification of

aggregates, are classified under 3 aggregates, under 1 base and under

1 element (3).

187. Fetters . . . Ties . . . Floods . . . Bonds . . . Hindrances . . .

States which are misapprehensions; States which are both misapprehensions

and objects of misapprehensions are not classified

with these states under the same aggregate, but classified under

the same base and under the same element. . . . They, excluding

Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified under

3 aggregates, under 1 base and under 1 element (17).

188. States which are mental factors ; States which are associated

with consciousness ; States which are conjoined with consciousness ;

States which are conjoined with and are generated by conscious ness ;

States which are conjoined with, are generated by and arise

together with consciousness ; States which are conjoined with, are

generated by and arise successively with consciousness are not

classified with these states under the same aggregate, but classified

under the same base and under the same element They, excluding

Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified under

1 aggregate, under 1 base and under 1 element (6).

189. States which arise together with consciousness ; States which

arise successively with consciousness are not classified with these

states under the same aggregate, but classified under the same base

and under the same element. . . . They are not classified under any

aggregates ; they are classified under 1 base and under 1 element (2).

190. States which are clinging. . . . States which are corruptions;

States which are both corruptions and objects of corruptions;

States which are both corruptions and corrupt; States which are

both corruptions and associated with corruptions are not classified

with these states under the same aggregate, but classified under the

same base and under the same element.

Under how many aggregates, under how many bases and under

how many elements are those states classified ? They, excluding

Nibbana from the classification of aggregates, are classified under

3 aggregates, under 1 base and under 1 element (7).

Mnemonic

Three aggregates, likewise truths, sixteen faculties.

Fourteen dependent originations, next fourteen.

Thirty kinds belonging to ten clusters.

Two kinds from lesser couplets, eight kinds from intermediate

couplets.

Explanation of the Method and Chart of Chapter III

Subject Matter : 90 states that come under cognizable base, i.e.

subtle matter, feeling, perception, mental formation and Nibbana,

form the subject matter of this chapter. These are the states which

can be classified under the same base and under the same element

but not under the same aggregate. All the remaining states of the

Text are excluded because they include gross matter and consciousness.

The former comes under different bases and different elements

while the latter comes under different elements. Out of these

90 states, 50 belong to the internal and 40 to the external states of

enquiry.

Questions and Answers : There are 12 sets of questions and

answers, Nos. 179-190

“ These States ” :  The rules for determining “ these states ” are

as follows :-

1. When the subject of enquiry belongs to one of the 5 states,

namely; subtle matter, feeling, perception, mental formation and

Nibbana, that come under cognizable base, the remaining 4 states

are taken as “ these states. Since these 5 states come under

different aggregates they cannot be classified under the same aggre gates.

But they come under cognizable base and under cognizable

element and, therefore, they can be classified under the same base

and under the same element. For example, when feeling aggregate

is dealt with, the remaining 4 states, subtle matter, perception,

mental formation and Nibbana are taken as “ these states ” . The

feeling aggregate comes under feeling aggregate and the remaining

4 states come under different aggregates and so they cannot be

classified under the same aggregate. But feeling aggregate comes

under cognizable base and under cognizable element and so do the

remaining 4 states. Thus they can be classified under the same base

and under the same element.

The case where, like the feeling aggregate in No. 179, the remaining

4 states are taken as “ these states ” applies also to Nos. 180, 182,

184, 185, 186, 187 and 190. 77 states of enquiry are dealt with in

this case. In Nos. 180 and 185, where Nibbana is the state of

enquiry, it must be remembered that Nibbana is excluded from the

classification of aggregates.

2. When the subject of enquiry belongs to 2 out of the 5 states

under cognizable base, the remaining 3 states are taken as “ these

states ” . This is the case with Nos. 181 and 183 where 5 states of

enquiry are dealt with.

Life faculty in No. 181 consists of both physical and psychical

life, the former comes under subtle matter and the latter under

mental formation. So the remaining 3 states, feeling, perception and

Nibbana are taken as “ these states ” .

Birth, Ageing and Death in No. 183 refer to both materiality and

mentality where the former comes under subtle matter and the

latter under mental formation and so “ these states ” are the same

as in life-faculty above.

Jhana in No. 183 consists of applied-thought, sustained-thought,

rapture, bliss and one-pointedness of mind. Bliss is feeling and the

rest are mental formations. So the remaining 3 states, subtle matter,

perception and Nibbana are taken as “ these states ” .

3. When the subject of enquiry belongs to 3 of the 5 states under

cognizable base, the remaining 2 states are taken as “ these states".

This is the case with No. 188 where 6 states of enquiry are dealt

with. They are all mental factors, i.e. feeling, perception and

mental formation. So the remaining 2 states, subtle matter and

Nibbana, are taken as “ these states ” .

4. When the subject of enquiry belongs to 4 of the 5 states under

cognizable base, the remaining state is taken as “ these states ” .

This is the case with No. 189 where 2 states of enquiry are dealt

with. Each consists of 52 mental factors and 2 intimations, the

former coming under feeling, perception and mental formation and

the latter under subtle matter. So the only remaining state, Nibbana,

is taken as these states ” .

“ Those States ” : “ Those states ” are the same as the states

that were taken for “ these states ” . This is shown by the sign of

equality in the column.

Classified: The aggregates included in “ those states ” can be

read off from those given in the corresponding “ these states ” for

the purpose of classification under the aggregates, bases and elements.

Wherever Nibbana is included in “ those states ” it is excluded

from the classification under the aggregate. As regards classification

under bases and elements, it is always the same, namely : cognizable

base and cognizable element. In the case of No. 189, the zero in the

classified aggregates table indicates that Nibbana is excluded from

the classification. This is similarly shown in the unclassified

aggre gates column with Nos. 180 and 185, the states of enquiry being

Nibbana.

How to read the Chart: Take the feeling aggregate as an illustra tion.

Feeling aggregate is not classified with these states (subtle

matter, perception, mental formation and Nibbana) under the same

aggregate (feeling aggregate) but classified under the same base

(cognizable base) and under the same element (cognizable element).

Under how many aggregates, under how many bases and under

bow many elements are those states (subtle matter, perception,

mental formation and Nibbana) classified ? They, excluding Nibbana

from the classification of aggregates, are classified under 3 aggregates

(matter, perception and mental formation aggregates), under 1 base

(cognizable base) and under 1 element (cognizable element).

The kinds of “ those states ” (or “ these states ” ) : On examina tion

of the columns of “ those states ” it is found that there are

9 kinds of “ those states".  The numbers of the states of enquiry

which give the same kind are shown in brackets along with the

questions. This can be found from the column of “ these states".

Question Numbers    

No. of States

1. 179 (1), 182 (6), 184 (4)                      

11

2. 179 (1), 184 (1)                             

2

3. 179 (3), 182 (14), 184 (15), 186 (3),

187 (17), 190 (7)                             

59

4. 180 (1), 185 (2)                            

3

5. 181 (1), 183 (3)                            

4

6. 182 (2)                                   

2

7. 183(1)                                    

1

8. 188 (6)                                   

6

9. 189(2)                                  

2

Total 90

The kinds of Answers : The classified table below the chart shows

that there are 5 kinds of answers. The same answer is given by a

number of “ those states The numbers of the states of enquiry

which give the same kind can be read off from the chart.

          

Answers

Question Numbers    

No. of States

(1) 3, 1, 1       

179 (5), 182 (22), 184 (20), 186 (3),

187 (17), 190 (7)                       

74

(2) 4, 1, 1       

180 (1), 185 (2)                        

3

(3) 2, 1, 1       

181 (1), 183 (4)                        

5

(4) 1, 1, 1       

188 (6)                              

6

(5) 0, 1, 1       

189 (2)                              

2

Total 90

                                              

The kinds of aggregates, bases and elements corresponding to

the numbers can be found out from the corresponding column of

“ these states ” . They are the same as “ those states".


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